Japanese Wood Types

Hinoki Wood: Cypress
桧 Hinoki wood is a species of cypress native to central Japan. This wood is lemon-scented, light pinkish-brown, with a rich, straight grain, and is highly rot-resistant. Horyuji Temple & Osaka Castle in Japan are built from hinoki wood.

Kaki Wood: Persimmon
柿 Kaki wood is also known as the Japanese persimmon tree, oriental persimmon, or Fuyu persimmon. Kaki trees are slow growing, small, and they produce sweet, juicy non-astringent persimmon fruit. Persimmon wood was heavily used to make a high quality head of golf clubs known as "woods" until the golf industry moved to metal clubs.

Keyaki Wood: Zelkova
欅 Keyaki wood is a species of the Zelkova tree in Japan. It is often used for bonsai. Keyaki wood is valued in Japan for building furniture and is considered the ideal wood for the creation of taiko drums.

Kiri Wood: Paulowinia
桐) Kiri wood or Paulownia wood, was named in honor of Anna Paulowna, queen consort of The Netherlands (1795–1865), daughter of a Russian Tsar. It is also known as the "princess tree". Kiri wood is light, fine-grained, and warp-resistant. It's the fastest-growing hard wood and typically used for the creation of chests, boxes, & clogs.

Momiji Wood: Maple
紅葉 Momiji wood is also known as Japanese Maple -  a welcome to Autumn due to its colorful leaves, Momiji translates to "baby hands" in Japanese. This wood is a popular choice for building furniture and for bonsai.

Sugi Wood: Cedar
杉 Sugi wood is known as Japanese cedar wood, a very large, fragrant evergreen tree. A strong yet lightweight wood, Sugi is waterproof and resistant to decay which is why it is so commonly found in antique furniture stores. The national tree of Japan where the oldest tree lives on Yakushima and estimated to be between 2,000 and 7,200 years old.
Periods in Japanese History

Early Japan (until 710)

Nara and Heian Periods (710-1192)

Kamakura Period (1192-1333)

Muromachi Period (1338-1573)


Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1573-1603)


Edo Period (1603-1868)


Meiji Period (1868-1912)


Taisho and Early Showa Period (1912-1945)


Postwar Period (since 1945)
Periods in Chinese History

Sui Dynasty (581 - 618)

Tang Dynasty (618 - 906)

Five Dynasties (907 - 960)

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

Yuan Dynasty (1279–1368)

Ming Dynasty (1368–1644)

Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)

Republic of China on mainland (1911–1949)

People's Republic of China (1949–present)